060608


Roma Capitale
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Typology: Non Parish Church

Address

Address: Piazza di San Giovanni in Laterano, 4
Zone: Rione Monti (Colosseo-S.Giovanni-S.Maria Maggiore) (Roma centro)

Contacts

Opening times

For the timetable of the masses and visiting conditions, please consult the contacts.

Description

The more correct name would be S. Giovanni in Fonte. It was built in the 4th century by Constantine, together with the basilica of St John Lateran, on a 1st century villa and a 2nd century bath building. It was later modified and restored by various interventions. The external frieze, decorated with the coats of arms of the Chigi family, is the work of Francesco Borromini and dates from1657. Of particular interest is the ancient entrance with a fragment of a Roman architrave. The interior has an octagonal plan. In the centre is a ring of eight porphyry columns with Corinthian capitals supporting an architrave, also octagonal. Above it is a second order of smaller columns in white marble.
On the walls, above, modern copies of works by Andrea Sacchi with stories of John the Baptist and, below, frescoes with stories of Constantine, works by A. Camassei, G. Gimignani and C. Maratta.
In the centre of a 16th-century circular enclosure is the baptismal font: a green basalt urn with a bronze cover by Ciro Ferri (1634-1689).
Worthy of note at the entrance to the Oratory of St John the Evangelist are the bronze doors made at the end of the 12th century by Pietro and Uberto da Piacenza. In a small apse, note a 5th-century mosaic.

 

Last checked: 2024-07-10 15:22