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Typology: Villas and archaeological areas

Contacts

Opening times

Reopening from May 28th, 2020

To know the days and times of reopening and the details of the methods of visit, we recommend contacting the museum directly or visiting the website: www.villaadriana.beniculturali.it/index.php?it/202/tariffe

Information

Full: € 10,00
Reduced € 2,00 EU members between 18 and 25 years old

Concessions:
€ 2,00 for citizens of European Union countries aged between 18 and 25 years old

Free admission:
- all visitors under the age of 18 years. Please note that children under 12 must be accompanied by an adult;
- Tourist Guides authorized by an European Union country (attachment 1), who can display a valid license issued by the pertinent authority;
- Tour Managers / Interpreters authorized by an European Union country (attachment 1) to carry out their profession, who can display a valid license issued by the pertinent authority;
- Ministry of Cultural Heritage staff;
- Members of the I.C.O.M. (International Council of Museums) and I.C.C.R.O.M (International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property);
- Pre-booked groups or school groups – the size of which is established by the Manager of the site concerned - from private and state schools within the European Union (attachment 1) accompanied by their teachers;
- Students attending higher training courses held at Ministry Schools (Central Institute for Restoration Studies, the Workshop for semi-precious stones, the School of Mosaic Restoration);
- Students taking a degree course, specialist degree or post-graduate specialization course and those pursuing a research doctorate and the academic staff from one of the following faculties: architecture, fine arts conservation, Humanities, Arts or philosophy oriented towards archaeology or art-history. The same applies to the academic staff and students from corresponding faculties, courses and institutions, Socrates and Erasmus projects in European Union countries (attachment 1) provided students can prove that they are enrolled for the academic year in progress and academic staff can show an official document that proves their status (NOT for Third Age University);
- High/ secondary school History of Art teachers who can show an official document that proves their profession;
- Journalists of all nationalities with membership fees paid in full, as proof of activity.
- Citizens who are disabled, and the family member or person accompanying them, who can provide proof from their national health/welfare service of their status.
- groups and/or authorities authorized by S.A.R., by showing a letter signed by the Soprintendenza; m. operators of voluntary associations that promote and disseminate the cultural heritage, in compliance with the Ministry of Culture Code, art. 112, paragraph 8;
- Italian teaching staff with temporary or permanent contract in state schools by showing a certificate signed by the schools.

Booking Fees:

Individual: € 2,00
Groups: € 30,00
For schools: € 1,00 each student

Description

For its perimeter and its exceptional condition, the villa is the most famous of the villas located near Rome. It  enclosed an estate consisting of vast gardens adorned with works of art, an imperial palace, baths, libraries and theatres. It was probably the richest building project in Antiquity and was designed entirely by Hadrian, who had visited every part of the roman empire and it was on his return from the Oriental provinces in AD 126 that he began work on his villa. He was very knowledgeable about art and architecture and tried to recreate the works and sites he had visited during his travels like the Liceo, the Academia and the Poikile in Athens, the Canopus, a channel on the delta of the Nile, the Vale of Tempe in Thessaly. In 134 the villa was almost finished. Hadrian was 58. After his death, the emperors who succeeded him continued to come to Tivoli and embellished the villa. Then the villa fell into ruin. Constantine (306-337 AD) spoiled the villa of its works of art. It was destroyed during the barbarian invasions and during the middle ages its marbles and statues were used by the inhabitants of Tivoli to built houses. Since the Renaissance many artists came here to study the ruins of the villa and often they left their signature on the walls. From the 15C to 19C the site was explored. Since 1870 the site has belonged to the Italian government which has organised its excavation. The vegetation has been cleared from the ruins revealing magnificent vaults, columns, stucco work and mosaics. The present entrance is probably not the one used in Hadrian’s day. The design of the villa is so unusual that archaeologists have not been able to identify the buildings or their uses with any certainty. The visit start with the Pecile, a large rectangle with slightly curved end and lined with a portico, it was sited so that one side was always in the shade. The apsidal chamber called the philosophers’ room was perhaps a reading room. The Teatro Marittimo is a circular construction consisting of a portico and a central building surrounded by a canal which was spanned by small swing bridges. It was probably the retreat for the emperor. Going south are the Baths, called Heliocaminus, consisting of the small baths and the great baths. They are rectangular rooms with concave walls, octagonal rooms with alternate concave and convex walls, circular rooms with recesses alternating with doors. Beyond these buildings is the so called Canopus, inspired to the city of the same name near Alexandria: a canal lined with temples and gardens. Hadrian had part of his estate landscaped to look like the Egyptian site and completed the effect with a canal down the centre and a copy of the Temple of Serapis at the southern end. He combined the cult of Serapis with the cult of Antinous, his young favourite who had been drowned in the Nile. Returning to the Pretorio you pass the Caserma dei Vigili (firemen’s barracks), a sort of depot. Here is the Imperial palace complex, extending from the Piazza d’Oro to the Libraries. The piazza d’Oro is a rectangular area surrounded by a double portico, maybe meant for summer banquets. The Doric pillared hall takes its name from the surrounding portico which was composed of pilasters with Doric bases and capitals supporting a Doric architrave. Adjoining it is the Peristilio di palazzo and then the library court. The ruins of the library buildings are on the north side of the courtyard, according to custom there was both a Greek library and a Latin library.  Next to the libraries is the Padiglione and the Terrazza di Tempe, a belvedere consisting of a three storey building, that dominates the valley below, artificially created to remind the vale of Tempe in Thessaly. The little grove leads to the Casino Fede, built in 1700 above a nymphaeum of the villa and then a small theatre for private shows for the emperor, containing 500 seats.

Services

» Audio Guide
» Audio guide in different language
» Bar
» Bookshop

For more information

Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Museums
Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Museums
Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Museums

See also

Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Archaeological heritage
Culture and leisure › Green › Gardens, villas and urban parks
Last checked: 2020-05-28 12:01