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Typology: Villas and archaeological areas

Contacts

Telephone: 0039 0774 382733 (biglietteria) - 0774 530203 - 06 39967900 (info, pren)
Fax: 0039 0774 531979 - 0774 382733

Opening times

January 2-31: 9.00 am - 5.00 pm;
February: 9.00 am - 6.00 pm;
March 1 to the last Saturday of March: 9.00 am - 6.30 pm;
Last Sunday of March to April 30: 9.00 am - 7.00 pm;
May 1 - August 31: 9.00 am - 7.30 pm;
September 1-30: 9.00 am - 7.00 pm;
October 1 to the last Saturday of October: 9.00 am - 6.30 pm;
Last Sunday of October to December 31: 9.00 am - 5.00 pm;

Last admission 90 minutes before closing time.

The Archeological area is closed on January 1, May 1, December 25

On Friday, October 24, 2014, could be closed to the public, because of national general strike

From July 4th to October 24th open until 10pm every Friday.
Archeological area: 9.00am  – 10.00pm
Museum: 10.00am – 9.30pm
Ticket office closes at 9.00pm

Notice: temporary closed to public the Teatro Marittimo and the construction nearby.

 

Information

Audioguide: €5.00

Full: € 11.00
Reduced: € 7.00
- UE members between 18 and 25 years old
- European Union state teachers

Free entrance
- first Sunday of the month
- European and non- European citizens under 18
- tour guides from the European Union practising their professional activity
- tour interpreters from the European Union practising their professional activity
- employees of the Ministry for the Cultural Heritage and Activities
- members of ICOM (International Council of Museums)
- members of ICCROM (International organization for conservation of cultural heritage)
- reserved school groups from European Union schools, accompanied by one teacher every 10 students
- teachers and students of faculties of Architecture, Conservation of the Cultural Heritage, Education Sciences, and degree courses in the Arts, or in literary subjects with a specialisation in archaeology or art history, in Humanities faculties of Universities from the European Union
- students enrolled in these specialisations of faculties of Architecture, Conservation of the Cultural Heritage, Education Sciences, and of degree courses in the Arts, or in literary subjects with a specialisation in archaeology or art history, in Humanities faculties of Universities and doctorate students in the aforementioned disciplines
- Socrates and Erasmus students of the aforementioned disciplines
- teachers and students of Fine Arts Academies from the European Union
- teachers of Art History in Upper Secondary Schools
- students of the following schools: Istituto Centrale del Restauro, Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Scuola per il Restauro del Mosaico
- journalists in the italian national register or any other journalist from a foreign country, only for work porpouses and according to a valid document proving the given professionalism
- disabled persons and a companion from the European Union
- members of volunteer work associations of the Cultural Heritage
- holders of "Carta dello studente"

Booking Fees:
Individual: € 2,00
Groups: € 30,00
For schools:
Guided tour with an archaeologist: booking is required at tel. +39 0639967900.

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Scheduled events

Current manifestations

Scheduled manifestations

Description

For its perimeter and its exceptional condition, the villa is the most famous of the villas located near Rome. It  enclosed an estate consisting of vast gardens adorned with works of art, an imperial palace, baths, libraries and theatres. It was probably the richest building project in Antiquity and was designed entirely by Hadrian, who had visited every part of the roman empire and it was on his return from the Oriental provinces in AD 126 that he began work on his villa. He was very knowledgeable about art and architecture and tried to recreate the works and sites he had visited during his travels like the Liceo, the Academia and the Poikile in Athens, the Canopus, a channel on the delta of the Nile, the Vale of Tempe in Thessaly. In 134 the villa was almost finished. Hadrian was 58. After his death, the emperors who succeeded him continued to come to Tivoli and embellished the villa. Then the villa fell into ruin. Constantine (306-337 AD) spoiled the villa of its works of art. It was destroyed during the barbarian invasions and during the middle ages its marbles and statues were used by the inhabitants of Tivoli to built houses. Since the Renaissance many artists came here to study the ruins of the villa and often they left their signature on the walls. From the 15C to 19C the site was explored. Since 1870 the site has belonged to the Italian government which has organised its excavation. The vegetation has been cleared from the ruins revealing magnificent vaults, columns, stucco work and mosaics. The present entrance is probably not the one used in Hadrian’s day. The design of the villa is so unusual that archaeologists have not been able to identify the buildings or their uses with any certainty. The visit start with the Pecile, a large rectangle with slightly curved end and lined with a portico, it was sited so that one side was always in the shade. The apsidal chamber called the philosophers’ room was perhaps a reading room. The Teatro Marittimo is a circular construction consisting of a portico and a central building surrounded by a canal which was spanned by small swing bridges. It was probably the retreat for the emperor. Going south are the Baths, called Heliocaminus, consisting of the small baths and the great baths. They are rectangular rooms with concave walls, octagonal rooms with alternate concave and convex walls, circular rooms with recesses alternating with doors. Beyond these buildings is the so called Canopus, inspired to the city of the same name near Alexandria: a canal lined with temples and gardens. Hadrian had part of his estate landscaped to look like the Egyptian site and completed the effect with a canal down the centre and a copy of the Temple of Serapis at the southern end. He combined the cult of Serapis with the cult of Antinous, his young favourite who had been drowned in the Nile. Returning to the Pretorio you pass the Caserma dei Vigili (firemen’s barracks), a sort of depot. Here is the Imperial palace complex, extending from the Piazza d’Oro to the Libraries. The piazza d’Oro is a rectangular area surrounded by a double portico, maybe meant for summer banquets. The Doric pillared hall takes its name from the surrounding portico which was composed of pilasters with Doric bases and capitals supporting a Doric architrave. Adjoining it is the Peristilio di palazzo and then the library court. The ruins of the library buildings are on the north side of the courtyard, according to custom there was both a Greek library and a Latin library.  Next to the libraries is the Padiglione and the Terrazza di Tempe, a belvedere consisting of a three storey building, that dominates the valley below, artificially created to remind the vale of Tempe in Thessaly. The little grove leads to the Casino Fede, built in 1700 above a nymphaeum of the villa and then a small theatre for private shows for the emperor, containing 500 seats.

Educational activities

Guided tours for groups:
hours: on request
languages: English, Italian, French, German, Spanish
persons: max 30
duration: 1h 15' minutes
price: € 130,00
booking: required

Audio guides:
languages: English, Italian, French, German, Spanish
duration: 1h 15' minutes
price: € 5,00

Info and booking:
individuals: +39.06.39967900 (Monday-Friday: 9.00 am - 6.00 pm; Saturday: 9.00 am - 2.00 pm)
groups: +39.06.39967450 (Monday-Friday: 9.00 am - 6.00 pm; Saturday: 9.00 am - 2.00 pm)
schools: +39.06.39967200 (Monday-Friday: 9.00 am - 6.00 pm; Saturday: 9.00 am - 2.00 pm)

Services

» Audio Guide
» Audio guide in different language
» Bar
» Bookshop
» Guided Visits
» Multilingual guided visits

For more information

Culture and leisure › Itineraries
Last checked: 2014-10-02 14:17