Address: Via del Teatro di Marcello, 46
Zone: Rione Ripa (Circo Massimo-Bocca Verità-Aventino) (Roma centro)
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The area where there is now the church of S. Nicola in Carcere, in ancient time was occupied by the Foro Olitorio (Forum Holitorium) a square where the vegetable market was, not far from the fluvial port. The business character of the area can be noted by the presence of porticoes with tabernae, which ruins can still be visible on the side of the street under the Campidoglio, right in front of the church of S. Nicola in Carcere.Under the church and on its side, there are the ruins of three temple of the republican age.The first temple, on the south side, next to the actual Palazzo Anagrafe of Comune di Roma (Bulding of the Registry Office of the Municipality of Rome), was probably dedicated to Spes, the Goddess of hope. Of the Doric order it only preserves the six columns that are inside the southern wall of the church. It was built by A. Atilio Calatino during the first Punic war, in 254 BC. Under the church there are the ruins of another temple, probably the most recent one and the biggest of the three (m 30 x 15). Parts of the pedestal are visible in the vaults of the church near the apse ; there are also some columns on the front side. Most probably the temple was dedicated to Juno Sospita, the Goddess Giunone Sospita. Of the third temple, on the right of S. Nicola in Carcere, there is the whole portico and part of the colonnade. It was of Ionic order, with a triple row of columns on the front and a colonnade on the long sides (there are now seven columns on one side and two on the other). The temple measures m 26 x 15 and had a staircase. The temple, probably dedicated to God Giano was built by C. Duilio during the I Punic war, rebuilt at the beginning of the I century BC and restored many times during the ages Augustan, Tiberian and Hadrianian.
Last checked: 2014-02-19 13:56