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Typology: Monuments


Address: Via del Teatro di Marcello
Zone: Rione Campitelli (Foro Romano- Campidoglio-P.Venezia) (Roma centro)
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On the right of Portico di Ottavia, in the Hebrew district, the remains of a temple dedicated to God Apollo, built between 433 and 431 BC, can be found. The temple is called of Apollo Sosiano from the name of the consul C. Sosia who in 32 BC rebuilt completely the building enriching it with many works of art. The temple was on a vary large platform, was hexastyle and pseudoperipteral with semicolumns on each side of the cell. In the cell there were many works of art, it seemed like a real museum and often there were held senate meetings.Next to the Temple of Apollo Sosiano, there are the remains of the Temple of Bellona. The building was built in 296 BC by Appio Caludio Cieco following his victory on the Etruscans. In this temple the senate used to meet the magistrates that had the "imperium", who could not go past the pomerio, and the victorious generals for whom they had to decide the triumph grant. At the beginning of the war against Pirro, in front of the Temple a "colona bellica" was placed where the symbolic rite of declaration of war was done.At the end of the 30s, during the excavations for the reconstruction of the Church of Santa Rita, the ruinsof a portico that went all along the east and north side of the Temple of Bellona were found. It is constituted by a double row of pillars, part of them in peperino and part of them in bricks, connected by round arcades. The floor is made of travertine slabs. It is possible that this construction was part of the system of the portico of Foro Olitorio.

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Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Archaeological heritage
Culture and leisure › Cultural heritage › Archaeological heritage
Last checked: 2016-08-08 16:22